What Makes a Leader?


The person or the organisation who/which plays a leading role in family, organisation, Institute, nation or world is recognised as the Leader. It is tough to achieve this position and even tougher to be in the same position consistently and continuously. Everyone following the Leader will continuously watch the activities carried out by the leader. Followers always copy what a leader do and get benefit of the same. Leaders takes Risks, but follower copy the leader. In case, if the leader makes a silly mistake, it is only the image of the leader which gets deteriorated and not the follower. Even follower will also join the criticisers and take advantage of the situation.

Therefore the leader had to take every step very carefully, fast and result oriented. It’s actions are watched closely. In my opinion a leader should maintain few of the following aspect of business –

  • Brand Image – The leader has to continuously in touch with the consumers by building the brand image Brand-Identityby carrying out marketing activities, understanding the nerves of the end consumers. Continuous ATL and BTL marketing activities are required. Once a Brand is trusted, the respective organisation has to take all precautions to avoid any kind damage to the brand. It is very difficult to build a Brand and very easy to destroy.
  • Product Quality – Once the end consumer has trust in the product and its quality, it will not only use the product but also spread it by word of mouth. Word of mouth publicity and recommendations are always contagious and contiguous. Reverse also true in case of quality problems in the products. Quality always pays and has un-negotiated demand.
  • Service Level – If any organisation is having monopoly, then the end consumers is ready for waiting time. But if the product is non-monopolistic, the organisation in second in-line having the same product, then the end consumer will not wait for the product, irrespective of the best quality. They can adjust with
  • Product Innovation – Market always expect innovation in products, services and policies. Therefore a leader had to continuously engage in research and development and launch new products on regular intervals. This is where a leader has to distinguish itself from the other pgears-islemlayers. Example of Apple and Samsung are classic examples. HUL, Nestle, SB are facing tough competition from Patanjali. Patanjali is moving so fast that even the leaders of the market are not even able match with it. Production innovation lures the customer and keep the leaders leading in the race. “Leaders don’t search the market for their product, rather Leaders produces Products for the market based on need.”
  • Human Resource – Human resource of any organisation is the biggest asset. Employees retention photo-display-innovative-health-care-leaderis the indication of a good Leading organisation. People from TATA group takes retirement, whereas in equivalent or bigger organisation there is large employee turnover. Leaders take care of their employees. There are many tools for employees’ engagement and retention. Proper HR policies in place, Employees development and growth plan, regular training of employees, Job rotations and enrichment, facilities like house, medical facilities, children higher education support, retirement benefits. Pay and perks are not only attraction today. Employees do lot of research work before joining. Organisations which doesn’t take care of their employees faces high employee turn-over and problem in new requirement. Therefore leaders have to take care of their employee and ensure employees retention and engagement plans are in place.
  • Social Responsibility – Leaders are being seen by the entire Industry, very closely and encash every opportunity left or missed by the leader. CSR (corporate social responsibility) is looked as one of the most important ingredient of a leading organisation. Leaders like SB, Nestle, ITC, TATA, Infosys, etc., keep a separate budget for social activities.

This is not end of activities which industry leaders to do. They have to consistently work to keep them on the top and maintain a big gap between it and second in command, otherwise second in line can be a big threat. Leaders had move with thrust hold velocity, to keep a huge distance between the other players. Once that is maintained, they can sustain their position.


PHOTO1(Author – Rajinder Singh Mann, B.Sc., PGDCS, MBA, MPhil. DT&D(Diploma Training and Development. (Have Experience of more than 25 years in S&OP, SCM, Logistics, Education, Training and development. Has worked in diverse industries like Publishing, Fasteners, Paints and Varnishes, Food Processing, Education and Training, Steel wares and Table-wares, Plywood and Laminates and Ceramics Industry with leading brands. Presently employed with one of the Leading Company in Indian Ceramics Industry).)





All About Electric Vehicles

A basic requirement for electric vehicles (EVs) is a portable source of electrical energy, which is converted to mechanical energy in the electric motor for vehicle propulsion. Electrical energy is typically obtained through conversion of chemical energy stored in devices such as batteries and fuel cells. A fly wheel is an alternative portable source in which energy is stored in mechanical form to be converted into electrical energy on demand for vehicle propulsion. The portable electrical energy source presents the biggest obstacle in commercialization of EVs. A near-term solution for minimizing the environmental pollution problem due to the absence of a suitable, high-energy-density energy source for EVs is perceived in the hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) that combine propulsion escorts from gasoline engines and electric motors. Among the available choices of portable energy sources, batteries have been the most popular choice of energy source for EVs since the beginning of research and development programs in these vehicles. The EVs and HEVs commercially available today use batteries as the electrical energy source.
The various batteries are usually compared in terms of descriptors, such as speci%c energy, speci%c power, operating
life, etc. Similar to speci%c energy, specific power is the power available per unit mass from the source. The operating life of a battery is the number of deep discharge cycles obtainable in its lifetime or the number of service years expected in a certain application. The desirable features of batteries for EV and HEV applications are high speci%c power, high speci%c energy, high charge acceptance rate for recharging and regenerative braking, and long calendar and cycle life. Additional technical issues include methods and designs to balance the battery segments or packs electrically and thermally, accurate techniques to determine a battery’s state of charge, and recycling facilities of battery components. And above all, the cost of batteries must be reasonable for EVs and HEVs to be commercially viable.
The most suitable type of batteries that could be used in EVs are Lead Acid Battery, Lithium Ion and Nickel Cadmium
batteries. Also, semiconductors are also a good battery source but the research is still going on in this particular field.
A qualified Automobile Engineer From SRM University Chennai. Working experience with Honda Motors and Honda Scooters.

Outsourcing in Automotive Sector

Outsourcing has become a popular global issue and the automotive manufacturing
industry is now in line with this growing trend. With an increase in globalization,
outsourcing is seen as an opportunity to tap the global market. India and China are
regarded as a huge potential market due to their growth in infrastructure and easy
availability of educated and trained labor. Untrained labor are also trained to by the
industries to get the work out of them.
In India and China, labor can be hired at very reasonable rates and these countries
have become the global hub for production in automotive industry. Almost all major
OEMs and Tier 1 industries have their production or assembly plants in both India
and China. On the other hand situation regarding the Research and Development
facility is totally different. All R&D centres are either put up in Europe/UK or Japan,
almost nil R&D facilities are available in India and China, the ones that were here
before have also moved out like TATA and MSIL.
Automotive manufacturers have opened their production plants in India and China
and have transformed the market into a multibillion dollar one. Many of the big
players have set up production base in either of these two countries to cut down
costs and stay competitive even during economic downturn. And they have been
success till now with an exception of few as the company has the mend some ways
to stay in the competitive market that is India and China. Like for Example General
Motors the American Giant has just simply failed here, and now its gradually getting
out of the region. Reason behind this failure is lack of understanding of the region
demand and people mindset here. Market here is quite competitive and GM cared
less to launch new models or facelifts in time which lead to just giving away its
market to the other competitors like VW. GM Cruze used to be the best seller in India
but now it’s the lowest selling car in india.
Some of the factors driving automotive manufacturing outsourcing such as easy
availability of cheap labor, difference in the exchange rates of currencies, opening up
of the Indian and chinese markets, ease of transportation, cheap and excess raw
materials and many more. However, there are some factors that may limit the market
growth such as stringent government regulations in other countries, export import
regulations, less demand and high fuel prices.
Some of the major players in this space other than the OEMs are Michelin Group,
Denso Corporation AGC Flat Glass, Autoliv Inc., BorgWarner Turbo Systems GmbH,
Delphi Automotive LLP, Faurecia, Johnson Controls, Inc., Lear Corporation, Rane
Group, Shriram Pistons, Amtek Group, BorgWarner Inc., Continental AG, Honeywell
Turbo Technologies, KIRCHHOFF Automotive GmbH, Benteler International AG,
Cummins Inc., Robert Bosch GmbH, Bharat Forge Limited, and Magna International
Written by Mr. Nakul Maan, A qualified Automobile Engineer, working experience with Honda Motors and Honda Scooters.